Prostate cancer symptoms can be difficult to spot because they develop slowly and may not show for many years. They usually appear when the prostate is large enough to affect the tube that carries urine from the bladder out the penis, known as the urethra. When this happens, symptoms can occur that affect how you pee. You may feel an increased need to pee, strain while you pee or that your bladder has not fully emptied.
The symptoms of prostate cancer are similar to those of an enlarged prostate.
An enlarged prostate isn’t usually a serious health threat and is common in men over the age of 50.
The cause is unknown, but it’s believed to be linked to hormonal changes as a man gets older.
Other symptoms of prostate cancer listed by Cancer Research UK, include:
- Getting up in the night to empty your bladder
- Leaking urine
- Erection problems
Prostate cancer treatment
Treatment for prostate cancer will depend on the individual’s circumstances.
Watchful waiting is often recommended for older men when it’s unlikely the cancer will affect their natural lifespan, advises the NHS.
If prostate cancer hasn’t spread beyond the prostate or hasn’t spread very far then the prostate gland may be surgically removed.
Radiotherapy, brachytherapy and hormone therapy may also be offered.
Men over the age of 50 who have talked through the advantages and disadvantages of having a PSA test with their GP or practice nurse are eligible for a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test.